There are three categories of back pain. Acute, subacute and chronic. Acute back pain is an episode of pain that lasts for less than 6 weeks, subacute lasts for 6-12 weeks and chronic pain is classified as pain lasting longer than 12 weeks. It is important to note that most acute low back pain will be self-limited; however research suggests that those that seek medical care will improve more rapidly in the first month.
At your appointment, your physiotherapist will take a comprehensive history to understand how the injury occurred as well as your background and injury history. It is important to understand as much as possible to help guide your assessment and treatment and identify the causes of your injury.
For acute low back pain, your treatment may include:
- joint mobilization
- dry needling
- strengthening exercises
- motor control exercises such as pilates
For chronic low back pain there are strong recommendations for:
- motor control exercise such as pilates or clinical exercise
- yoga and stretching
- hands on physiotherapy (massage, joint mobilizations)